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Last reviewed on 23 March 2017
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What techniques can schools use for giving effective feedback? We look at guidance on the principles of effective feedback and strategies for giving effective feedback. We also link to our articles featuring marking and feedback policies from primary, secondary and special schools.

Principles of effective feedback

Qualities of effective feedback: the EEF toolkit

The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) has a teaching and learning toolkit aimed at providing teachers with strategies that will help them improve outcomes for pupils.

The toolkit compares the impact of a number of strategies and approaches, rating the effectiveness of each through the number of months' additional progress pupils achieve.

Feedback is listed as one of the most effective strategies for improving pupil attainment, with an average positive impact of eight additional months' progress a year if used properly by teachers.

The EEF says that providing effective feedback can be challenging, but it lists a number of qualities of effective feedback as demonstrated by research. It says that feedback should:

It also

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