Under the Public Sector Equality Duty and the Equality Act 2010, you must eliminate discrimination and consider any equality implications of policies in your school.
Part of this duty is to make sure your behaviour policy doesn't have an unequal impact on any groups of pupils, especially those with protected characteristics (which includes sex, race, religion, sexual orientation and disability).
Discipline disparity may arise through your policy or your staff members not taking disadvantage or vulnerability into account. It can also be caused or compounded by bias, where teachers perceive the ‘bad’ behaviour of pupils belonging to certain groups more negatively, and give them harsher and/or more frequent sanctions. It's your duty to identify and address any such disparity.
As a first step, take a deep dive into your behaviour data and the views of pupils and staff with our behaviour audit tool. This will help you identify any disparities