Using individual education plans (IEPs)

You're not required to create IEPs anymore, but take a look at some suggestions about what to include if you do use them.

Last reviewed on 24 October 2022
School types: All · School phases: All
Ref: 11144
  1. It's up to you to decide whether to use IEPs
  2. How to write an IEP
  3. Get help with putting an IEP together

It's up to you to decide whether to use IEPs

The SEND Code of Practice no longer makes specific reference to IEPs. It recommends using school-based plans to support pupils but doesn't set a specific format.

Check with your local authority (LA) to find out if they require a specific format for an assessment of SEN needs.

Otherwise, choose a format that works best for you and your pupils - use IEPs if you find them effective. See example of other approaches here.

How to write an IEP

Its contents will depend on the pupil's needs, but generally it should be: 

  • Outcome-focused
  • Collaborative (involving parents, pupils and school staff)
  • Child-friendly and parent-friendly
  • Easy for staff to use
  • Clear about it its purpose

And include the following: 

  • Entry data on the pupil (prior to receiving additional support)
  • Expected outcomes for the pupil
  • Actual outcomes for the pupil
  • The pupil’s participation in any interventions
  • Comments
  • Next steps

The above was explained to us by Anita Devi, one of our associate education experts.

Get help with putting an IEP together

Look at a template from a local authority

Use IEP software

Some schools have automated the process of writing IEPs using dedicated software, such as:

Please note that the inclusion of these products above doesn't constitute a recommendation by The Key.


Anita Devi is an education consultant and trainer who specialises in SEN and the use of technology to support learning. She is a member of nasen's national advisory board, and one of the founder members of the British Assistive Technology Association (BATA).

What did you think?

Rate this article

Your feedback helps us to ensure our articles are helpful to all members.
Our researchers read every comment.

Can't find what you need? Try searching or ask us a question.