How to write outcomes for EHC plans

Learn what you need to consider when developing outcomes for education, health and care (EHC) plans, and have a look at some examples.

Last reviewed on 21 December 2023
School types: AllSchool phases: AllRef: 11148
  1. All EHC plans must specify the intended outcomes
  2. Why include outcomes?
  3. Involve the pupil and their parents or carers
  4. Make outcomes SMART
  5. Break outcomes down into specific steps
  6. Clearly distinguish between aspirations, outcomes, and provision
  7. See some examples of EHC plans

All EHC plans must specify the intended outcomes

These must be in their own separate section and should include outcomes for adult life.

An education, health and care (EHC) plan should also include arrangements for shorter-term target setting.

This is explained on page 161 of the statutory Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) Code of Practice (in paragraph 9.62).

Why include outcomes?

The code of practice defines an outcome as "the benefit or difference made to an individual as a result of an intervention" (see paragraph 9.66).

Achieving outcomes should enable pupils to:

  • Progress in their learning
  • Be well-prepared for adulthood as they get older
  • Move towards the long-term aspirations of:
    • Higher education and/or employment
    • Independent living
    • Community participation

Plans can also include wider outcomes such as:

Think of the outcomes as the thread that weaves the whole EHC plan together – they're the steps to achieve the pupil's

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