The guidance in the first 2 sections below comes from teacher Andy McHugh in his guest article for Sec Ed on effective classroom questioning strategies.
Plan your questions carefully in advance
Start by deciding what your pupils need to know by the end of a topic and what skills you want them to be able to demonstrate.
For example, if you're teaching about landscapes in art, your pupils will need to know about colour theory, painting techniques and using different tools.
Choose questions that will build on the knowledge they learn and the skills they develop in response to the previous question, e.g. 'what colours do we usually see in a landscape painting?', 'how do we get the colour green?' and 'is green a primary colour?'.
For a more comprehensive example, see Andy's series of questions on religious experience in the article linked above.
Start with questions that