All sanctions must be 'lawful'
For a sanction to be considered lawful, it must:
- Not breach any other legislation (for example, in respect of disability, special educational needs (SEN), race and other equalities and human rights)
- Be reasonable in all the circumstances, and proportionate – you must take into account any relevant special circumstances, including the pupil's age, any SEN or disability they have, and any religious requirements affecting them
- Be sanctioned by a paid member of school staff or a member of staff authorised by the headteacher (for example, an adult volunteer)
- Be awarded on your school premises or while the pupil is under the lawful charge of a member of staff
Note: corporal punishment is illegal in all circumstances.
These requirements are outlined on page 19 of the DfE's advice on behaviour in schools 2022.
You can sanction pupils for poor behaviour that occurs outside of school premises, where it is reasonable to do so.