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  • Mandatory training for school staff See which areas your staff will need training in, with our downloadable list. It includes health and safety, safeguarding and first aid. Then, use our template to keep track of the training they've completed and what's still to be done.
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14 articles
  • Leadership roles
    • Head of school: challenges and expectations What are the challenges and expectations for a head of school? This article has 2 case studies on head of school and executive headteacher arrangements. It also looks at reports on models of leadership in primary schools and executive headship.
    • New to the headteacher role: priorities at the start of headship What should a new headteacher's priorities be? In this article, we set out advice on what the priorities should be for a new headteacher in the first few weeks of headship from 2 of our associate education experts. We also link to articles on key tasks for new headteachers and managing workload.
    • New to the school business manager role Those new to the school business manager (SBM) role will face a number of challenges as they get to grips with their responsibilities. Here, we relay advice and link to resources, including downloadable funding and budgeting information, which will support you when carrying out the role.
    • Role comparison: deputy headteacher vs assistant headteacher What is the difference between a deputy and an assistant head? This article cites the STPCD, advice from a teaching school and two of our associate education experts on the difference between the two roles. It also looks at changing an assistant headteacher's title to 'deputy headteacher'.
    • Role comparison: headteacher vs head of school What is the difference between a headteacher and a head of school? We summarise insight from one of our associate education experts. We also compare the 2 roles by referring to the STPCD and examples of job descriptions, and relay advice on setting pay for heads of school.
    • Role of an executive headteacher Is there guidance on the role of an executive headteacher? This article looks at when an executive headteacher might be appointed and what the role involves. You will also find advice for new executive headteachers.
    • Role of an online safety leader What is the role of an e-safety lead? We look at guidance on the role of an online safety lead from a local authority, and link to information about online safety roles from schools. We also link to another article from The Key on online safety in schools.
    • Role of a primary school deputy headteacher What is the role of a deputy headteacher in a primary school? We summarise information from the DfE, and include a case study and an interview on a deputy head’s role. We also relay advice on their role in raising standards, and from our associate experts on responsibilities for health and safety.
    • Role of a school business manager (SBM) What is the role of a school business manager? This article looks at information on the role of a school business manager (SBM) from ISBL. It also points to a survey of SBMs on their responsibilities, and to another article from The Key with job descriptions for SBMs.
    • Role of a subject leader What duties does a subject leader perform? This article links to two case studies from teaching schools on the role of a subject leader. We link to non-statutory national standards for subject leadership. We also refer to guidance on pay for subject leadership.
    • Role of the accounting officer in an academy trust Understand the accounting officer's responsibilities, what happens if they're absent and where to access training for this role.
    • Special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO): role and responsibilities UpdatedGet an overview of the SENCO's role and a list of their main responsibilities.
    • Staff room poster: roles and responsibilities Use our poster in your staff room or school office to show which members of staff are responsible for what. Add photos to help volunteers, agency staff, or new staff find the right person quickly.
    • Strategic responsibilities of school leaders Are there any examples of strategic tasks for the SLT and teachers? This article links to examples of strategic responsibilities from schools for different senior leadership team (SLT) positions. We also point to examples for phase leaders and subject leaders.
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    • Can unqualified teachers/TAs teach PE lessons? Can an unqualified teacher teach PE? This article cites guidance on unqualified teachers and support staff teaching PE lessons. It looks at using TAs and HLTAs to cover PE lessons and lead after-school clubs, and at whether schools must employ specialist PE teachers.
    • Employing unqualified teachers: requirements UpdatedFind out the rules on employing unqualified teachers, including who's eligible and what work they can do.
    • National Award for Special Educational Needs Co-ordination: overview How can teachers achieve the National Award for SEN Co-ordination (for SENCOs)? We link to information from the DfE, National College and training providers on entry requirements, application forms, course content and assessments. We include advice on supporting staff who are studying for the award.
    • SENCO: requirements and qualifications UpdatedBe clear which types of schools are required to appoint a special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO), and what qualifications they'll need.
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    • Early Years Teacher Status (EYTS) What is Early Years Teacher Status (EYTS)? We set out the role of the EYTS qualification. We relay advice from the Department for Education on EYTS and explain whether it classes as a 'school teacher' for the EYFS staffing ratio requirements. We also look at pay for those holding EYTS.
    • Higher level teaching assistants (HLTAs): qualification requirements What qualifications does someone need to be an HLTA? This article relays advice from the DfE, One Education, the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL) and one of our associate education experts on qualification requirements for HLTAs. It also links to the HLTA standards.
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    • Class size limits: reception and KS1 What are the rules about infant class sizes? We explain that ordinary infant classes have a limit of 30 pupils per teacher. We also list circumstances in which there are exceptions to this rule, and look at circumstances involving mixed year classes.
    • Extended services: staffing ratios Learn what the staffing ratio requirements for holiday, after-school and breakfast clubs are so you can make sure you're compliant.
    • EYFS staffing ratio and qualification requirements Find out the staffing ratio and qualification requirements in early years group settings, and download our summary of the rules.
    • Staffing ratios for supervising breaks and lunchtimes It’s up to you to decide how many members of staff you have supervising breaks and lunchtimes, unless you're an early years provider where there's set requirements. Get advice on deciding the right staffing ratio.
    • Staffing ratios for trips and visits Understand how to decide staffing ratios for school trips based on an assessment of risk. Find out what you need to consider, including extra needs you must meet for pupils in the EYFS.
    • Staffing ratios: secondary schools There's no set teacher to pupil ratio or class sizes in secondary schools. However, read our guidance for help with determining what ratios would be appropriate.
    • Staffing ratios: special schools What is the average staff to pupil ratio in a special school? We look at national averages for staffing ratios in special schools. We also relay advice from one of our associate education experts, and look at the Department for Education’s area guidelines.
    • Transporting pupils: guidance and risk assessments If your school is transporting pupils, whether for an educational visit or a sports fixture against another school, you'll need to think about your staffing for this and complete a risk assessment. Have a look at guidance on what to consider, and find examples of risk assessment forms.
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    • Administering medicines: staff responsibilities Find out what the requirements are for staff administering medicines to pupils at school, and what to do if you don't have enough trained staff.
    • Expectations of teaching assistants at different levels What is expected of teaching assistants at levels 1-4? We refer to guidance on the typical duties of TAs at each level. We also look at performance objectives and job descriptions which set out the responsibilities of different levels of TA.
    • Intimate care: responsibility of school staff Schools have to make reasonable adjustments for pupils who are not yet toilet trained, with or without an EHC plan. Read about who should change nappies in school, how to work with parents and training your staff.
    • Lead first aider: responsibilities What are the additional responsibilities of a lead first aider? We set out guidance from the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA), the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Department for Education (DfE) about responsibilities for first aid.
    • Office-based support staff: roles and responsibilities What are the responsibilities of office-based support staff? We refer to a local authority's list of administrative and clerical tasks that should be carried out by school support staff. We also look at examples of job descriptions which set out the responsibilities of different administrative roles.
    • Role of a leading practitioner What is the role of a leading practitioner? This article sets out guidance from the STPCD on the role and pay range of leading practitioners. It features a KeyDoc with descriptors of leading practitioners' outstanding performance, and case studies on the roles that leading practitioners play in two schools.
    • Role of teaching assistants What role should teaching assistants (TAs) take in schools? We look at the regulations around 'specified work', and guidance on what responsibilities TAs may take on. We also refer to research from Ofsted on creating effective TA roles, and a case study from a teaching school.
    • Volunteers in school: FAQs What should we know about volunteers in school? We answer questions about staffing ratios, safeguarding, health and safety and insurance. You will also find advice on whether volunteers can teach classes, and whether they should be subject to the same disciplinary and dismissal procedures as staff.
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