National funding formula: a summary

Learn which factors are included in the national funding formula (NFF), and what the current transitional state of the NFF means for your school.

Last reviewed on 10 May 2022
See updates
School types: All · School phases: All
Ref: 34002
  1. A summary of how the formula works
  2. You're not guaranteed the initial figures published by the government
  3. Your funding is still based on your LA's local funding formula during the transition stage
  4. Your funding can fluctuate each year
  5. Some parts of your funding are guaranteed

This article is for mainstream, state-funded schools in England, and summarises the national funding formula (NFF) 2022-23 policy paper and the schools block technical note, picking out the key points you need to know.

The NFF is in a transitional state. Read more about what this means below.

Note: The year 7 catch-up premium was discontinued in 2019-20. Pupils will instead be provided for under the low prior attainment factor as part of the NFF additional needs funding (see more about this below). 

A summary of how the formula works

The NFF is the series of building blocks the DfE uses to work out your school’s core funding allocation.

Each summer, the DfE publishes a ‘notional budget’ at school level, but the end amount your school receives might be different (see below to find out why).

The structure of the NFF is summarised in this diagram:


Image from 'National funding formula for schools and high needs: 2021