How to use this article
- Read this to get a broad overview of the steps you'll need to take to review your curriculum from start to finish
- You may want to skip some steps, depending on which stage of the review process you're at – not everyone will start from scratch
- A curriculum review is often a mammoth task – don't worry if you find it takes a long time to do some of the steps here
- Refer to our curriculum resource hub along the way for further support
We can't tell you what your curriculum should look like, because each school has its own individual context. But we can help you structure your review process and give you tools and questions you should ask yourself when planning your curriculum.
1. Make sure your school has a clear vision and rationale
If you're confident that all staff know and agree on the points below, go straight to step 2.
If not, read about how to develop and embed your school's vision to help you clarify:
- Your educational philosophy – an informed opinion on the purpose of education and its role in society
- What's unique about your school – including its 'unique selling point' to parents and prospective staff
- Your school's vision – high-level goals for the future
- What you want pupils to have achieved and experienced by the time they leave (in top-level detail)
- The overarching principles and aims of your curriculum
- What impression you want your school to leave on pupils
- What's essential for pupils to succeed
Your answers will feed into decisions on what you'll teach, when and why.
Have a look at these examples of school vision statements to inspire you when creating your own.
2. Brush up on your curriculum design and development knowledge
Read up on best practice, requirements and the latest research so you can make informed decisions at all stages of your curriculum reviewing process.
Have a look at:
- Terms used in curriculum design and development – read our curriculum jargon buster and understand 3 core principles of designing a curriculum
- What Ofsted is looking at – read our articles on the changes to the framework for 2022/23 and how Ofsted inspects your curriculum
- What other schools are doing (for example, you can look at examples of curriculum maps in our other article)
- The latest educational research – the Education Endowment Foundation is a good starting point
- Effective evidence-based practice – have a look at our pedagogy research hub
Diversity and inclusivity in the curriculum
If you're looking to review your curriculum with a particular focus on diversity and inclusivity, use our tools to help you:
3. Take a step back to look at the bigger picture
If you're confident in the structure of your curriculum, this section won't be as useful for you. To diagnose subject-level problems instead, go to step 4.
First, as a school, you'll need to determine:
- Which subjects you offer
- Your delivery model – do you teach via integrated topics, themes or discrete subjects? This might depend on which phase you teach
- Your timetable – for example, do you deliver a subject every week, in alternate terms, or on special days? How much time do you allocate to specific subjects?
- Your teaching and pedagogical approaches
Then, gather evidence to clarify your current offer
Use our curriculum map template to help you:
- Use your existing long and medium-term plans to see what your school is teaching, when, and to whom
- Make a list of:
- Trips and visits for each year group
- Texts and resources used in each year group
- Overviews of any special weeks, days and events, and the outcomes you expect from them
- Extra-curricular or whole-school curricular activities
Next, analyse your evidence to diagnose what you might need to change
To do this:
- Check you're meeting statutory requirements – read about these for:
- Check whether your offer aligns with your school's vision and values, or whether you need to revise your vision and values (see step 1 above)
- Use our whole-school curriculum audit to uncover any deeper issues
- Add more detail to your plans to be sure you know what you're teaching, when and why
To develop an action plan to address any weaknesses or areas for improvement, go to step 5.
4. Assess your offer at subject or year-group level
If you already know your subject weaknesses, skip this step and follow 1 of these 2 routes instead:
- If you've identified problem areas in your curriculum plan but aren't sure why they're a problem: use our diagnostic tools for those areas only (e.g. maths, KS1)
- Primary schools can use our intent audit tool (primary) to identify problems in any subject at any Key Stage or for any year group or unit
- Secondary schools can use our subject-specific audit tools to pinpoint weaknesses (see list below). Then, go to step 5 below for suggested actions and next steps
- If you're confident you know what your weaker areas are and why (e.g. a problem with topic sequencing, or implementation): go straight to step 5 below
First, review your curriculum intent
Your 'curriculum intent' is your plan of what you want pupils to know and be able to do, at different stages and by the time they leave school.
To review your curriculum intent in a given subject:
- Gather evidence, including your:
- Curriculum maps
- Long-term and medium-term planning documents
- Schemes of work
- Results of conversations with pupils, teachers and curriculum leaders
- Outcomes from any other forms of monitoring you've done
- Check you're meeting statutory requirements
If you're in a primary school, use our curriculum intent audit tool to identify the root cause of any problems in your curriculum planning for any subject. It will help you to check whether what you plan to teach is:
- Aligned to your school's vision and values
- Appropriate for your context
- Clearly defined and well thought through in terms of content
- Understood by all staff
- Aligned to the National Curriculum, where applicable
- Broad and balanced
- Accessible and ambitious for all pupils
- Well-linked and grouped with content in other subjects
- Well-sequenced to allow pupils to progress
If you're in a secondary school, use these subject-specific audit tools to pinpoint weaknesses in your curriculum for:
Then, review your implementation – are you delivering what you planned?
Gather your evidence, such as:
- Planning documents and schemes of work
- Findings from book scrutinies (first, decide which subjects, books and pupils will be the focus of your review)
- Findings from lesson observations, to follow up on points you’ve identified in book scrutinies
- Results of conversations with pupils, teachers and curriculum leaders
If you're in a primary school, use our audit tool to figure out how you're doing and find the root cause of any problems.
5. Plan your curriculum changes
You've pinned down what your curriculum weaknesses are and why. Now you'll need to:
- Assess your whole-school audit, or look at your subject audits together, to form an overview of the strengths and weaknesses in your curriculum
- Look for common patterns or trends. Is a particular year group a problem? Or a particular subject? Or a specific unit or scheme of work? Or sequencing? Or depth of learning?
- Prioritise which changes, if any, you’ll make first, based on:
- Available resource (staff, time, finances, etc.)
- Potential impact on pupils
- Whether you can make any 'quick wins'
- If you're using our audits for diversity and inclusion (linked above), we've suggested some actions to help you get started
6. Make the changes and monitor their impact
- Make sure all staff understand the reasoning behind the decisions you’ve made
- Consider involving staff in the process of making the decisions, including through conducting a staff survey
- Explain your decisions to staff in a briefing or email, and/or communicate that your door is open for questions
- Use the same resources you used to review your intent and implementation earlier in this article
- Consider asking pupils what they think, using pupil voice surveys