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KS1: teach strategies for pupils to successfully plan and monitor their own writing Look to explicitly teach handwriting and spelling alongside these strategies, so this is automated, and pupils can focus their thinking on the content of their writing. Introduce the following strategies using modelling and structured support, before reducing input until the pupil can complete the activity independently. Pre-writing activities These help pupils to think of ideas and organise them, such as finding out about a topic they're not familiar with, or arranging their ideas visually using a planning tool. Read more about the pre-writing activities used by WISE multi-academy trust, on page 31 of the Improving Literacy in Key Stage 1 report by the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF). Drafting, revising and editing These strategies help to break up writing into manageable chunks, and help pupils see writing