Pupils with challenging behaviour: risk assessments and guidance

Complete a risk assessment as early as possible to get support for the child and keep them, as well as other pupils and staff, safe. Download our template and use our prompts to help complete it.

Last reviewed on 28 February 2024
School types: AllSchool phases: AllRef: 1879
  1. Download our risk assessment template
  2. Base a pupil's risk assessment on their behaviour plan
  3. Consider a risk assessment on a case-by-case basis
  4. Refer to the risk assessment regularly
  5. You don't need parental permission to create a risk assessment
  6. Use a specialist risk assessment for pupils who may self-harm

Download our risk assessment template

KeyDoc: pupils exhibiting challenging behaviour risk assessment DOC, 230.0 KB

It covers the following types of challenging behaviour:

  • Verbal aggression
  • Physical aggression
  • Destructiveness

Our template includes prompts for identifying, assessing and managing the risks, to help you fill it out. 

Base a pupil's risk assessment on their behaviour plan

Create a proactive behaviour plan to help you manage challenging behaviour from a specific pupil. 


  • What the pupil looks like when they're calm and what keeps them calm
  • What the pupils looks like when they're getting agitated or upset and likely to misbehave
  • What the pupils looks like when they're in crisis, and what causes them to reach that point
  • What they need to protect themselves and those around them

Thinking proactively, and knowing what to do to prevent challenging behaviour, will help inform your risk assessment.

Consider a risk assessment

The Key has taken great care in publishing this article. However, some of the article's content and information may come from or link to third party sources whose quality, relevance, accuracy, completeness, currency and reliability we do not guarantee. Accordingly, we will not be held liable for any use of or reliance placed on this article's content or the links or downloads it provides. This article may contain information sourced from public sector bodies and licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.