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Last reviewed on 29 September 2021
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School types: All · School phases: All

Understand what teaching staff need to do to identify and support pupils with SEN. Be clear on their responsibilities so you can give your staff the confidence to support all pupils.

This article is based on the special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) code of practice, which applies to all schools.

Follow the 'graduated approach'

Your school's support for pupils with SEN should follow a 4-part cycle called the 'graduated approach':
1. Assess - identify pupils who need SEN support
2. Plan - agree on support you'll provide for a pupil, in consultation with the pupil's parents 
3. Do - put your plans into action
4. Review - look at the effectiveness of your support and its impact on the pupil's progress

Teachers play an important role throughout

Although your SENCO will support teaching staff throughout the 4 stages (e.g. by providing training), their role is mainly strategic. The class or subject teacher remains responsible for working with the pupils on a daily basis, and has overall responsibility for their pupils' progress. 

1. Identify pupils who

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